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a city that
evolved from
grey to green
Ostrava is situated between the Beskydy
and Jeseníky mountains in the Moravs-
koslezský, region north of Moravia in an
area known as Gate of Moravia. The third
most populated city in the Czech Republic
(327,000 inhabitants), it is situated in a stra-
tegic location near the borders with Poland
and Slovakia, and has become an impor-
tant communications hub.
City associated with coal mining
Coal was discovered in the Burna Valley in
an area surrounding Ostrava in 1763. Mo-
dern coal mining began to be developed
around 1840 with the creation of the first
coal that was named after Peter Bezruč, the
most famous poet from Silesia. Although